It's about using the power of the network to break entrenched silos and find ways to make the political process more responsive to the needs of everyday citizens. So, for example, the movement has been actively engaged with foreclosure associations that advise homeowners across Spain.
Common sightings across Spanish cities these days are groups of enraged neighbours holding guard outside buildings to impede judges from notifying, and therefore kicking out, debt-ridden flat owners. Most of these actions pop up spontaneously after information is exchanged on Twitter and then co-ordinated through the use of hashtags. Is this a long-term solution to Spain's debt problems?
Certainly not. But actions such as these are starting to change the perception and the dynamics between citizens, government regulators and economic interests.
Furthermore, they are forcing politicians to reconsider how they take part in the policy-making process — a growing trend here is public officials voluntarily disclosing assets. They are turning into a reality what Harvard scholar Yochai Benkler presciently called in the "networked public sphere". In August, when bond traders were battering Spain, and politicians from the two main parties met in Madrid to agree on a constitutional reform that self-imposed a spending cap — they hadn't agreed on almost anything in eight years — protests erupted within a few hours of the announcement.
Offline and online, the network kicked in. In a matter of hours, squares were being filled and Actuable , a political activism site, had gathered hundreds of thousands of signatures demanding that the reform be voted in a national referendum. To quote communication scholar Manuel Castells , "the disgust became a network". Today, a month ahead of the Spanish general election on November 20, the movement will take to the streets once again.
It will co-ordinate a worldwide protest that will span from Wall Street to Israel and dozens of other cities along the way. The indignados have succeeded so far in revealing a side of Spain that few thought existed: a resilient and politicised public willing to get involved to change the modus operandi of the system. The disruptive power of networked politics, in other words, has been revealed.
The next step is to start thinking in terms of outcomes. Not in the traditional electoral sense — it won't change the result of the election, nor should it try to. It needs to redefine goals, metrics and ways to interpret and understand government accountability and political participation. Meanwhile, several activists crossed the police line in the Congress wearing formal dresses and succeeded entering the Congress of Deputies , where the Book of the People, containing the rural problematics found during the Indignant People's March, was delivered.
Deputy Gaspar Llamazares compromised on presenting it to the Congress and forwarded it to the Prime Minister.
Spain After the Indignados/15M Movement
However, he made clear that he had no connection to the Movement. When the assembly decided on 12 June to dismantle the tent city in Puerta del Sol, it also decided by consensus to leave behind an information booth, called PuntoSol, where people interested in the movement could find information about how it had been decentralized to the neighborhood assemblies.
In response, protesters called an immediate convergence to try to access the square. The heavy police presence impeded their entry. The decision was then made by the protesters to occupy Plaza Mayor , where an emergency participatory assembly was held in order to decide what to do. During the Plaza Mayor assembly, protesters decided to hold another assembly at Jacinto Benavente on the next day at 6 p. Police then cordoned off the square, and metro and train stations closed, while police asked for identification from anyone trying to pass into the square.
Police also asked customers from shops around Sol to close their businesses several hours earlier than usual. As the attempt to enter the square failed, the protesters decided to start a new march from Atocha two hours later. There were several moments of tension at different points and by 11 p. Police charged against protesters in front of the Ministry of the Interior in Madrid. As part of the October 15 movement , related to the "Occupy" protests , hundreds of thousands marched in Madrid and other cities. A half million people took part in the demonstration that filled the street and marched from Alcala and Cibeles toward Puerta del Sol square in Madrid, home of the "Indignants" movement.
Another , people participated in Barcelona. In both cities, thousands remained and participated in the activities and general assembly. Two hundred police officers cleared a hotel in Madrid that had been occupied since 15 October. No injuries were reported. Later that day, 3, people marched against the eviction in the center of Madrid. Around 3, protesters marched in the center of Madrid in what was called the "Cabalgata de los Indignados" Outraged Cavalcade. At the beginning of the protest, demonstrators clashed with police, leaving five injured, including two police officers.
Two people were arrested.
PDF El movimiento 15-M, construyendo la revolución (Spanish Edition)
After the initial scuffles with police officers, demonstrators made their way to Puerta del Sol without further incident. In May, the protesters celebrated the first anniversary of the "Indignants" protest movement with thousands of people gathering in several Spanish cities [ which? As part of a global day of action, similar protests occurred simultaneously in other cities including London, Lisbon , Frankfurt and Tel Aviv.
In late May, an industrial dispute [ vague ] involving more than 8, coal miners involved demonstrations and a march to the federal capital. As of 25 September, an action to surround the Spanish Congress was taking place in Madrid. In response, the Spanish people subverted these measures by protesting via holograms instead, avoiding arrest and setting an incredibly unique precedent across the world. This is how the Spanish Anti-Austerity Movement began: Podemos is an example of a strong resurgence from the left across Europe to crippling austerity measures in several countries that have left citizens homeless, jobless, and without hope.
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These gatherings have been fundamental in shaping the narrative of Spanish politics both in the media and in policy over the last few years. On April 11, , Instead of marching in front of government buildings in person, they created recordings of themselves marching and projected them as holograms instead. This type of subversion creates new modes of action that promise some higher degree of equality by enabling the creation of an entirely new type of space where individuals can freely enact the rights they are fighting for.
One of the most interesting questions this kind of protest raises is how the political space, the digital space, and the physical space intertwine, how that is changing with the rise of technologies such as the internet and the hologram. By extension, it raises questions about the differences between digital and physical presence and how these are differences are manipulated in this type of political action.
The main political parties issued statements on 16 May , following debate. On 15 May, the day of the first demonstration, almost every party was willing to be quoted on the situation. He encouraged those present to respond to the "bad ideas" not with indifference, but with "good ideas. On 15 September , Stiglitz said "accepting the bailout would be suicidal" for the country.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 28 May Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 29 May The deconstruction of the M narrative facilitates an understanding of its main virtues for political mobilization as well as its potential limits for its future development. Sobre el M se han escrito muchas y muy variadas interpretaciones. En palabras de Ernesto Laclau: Cadena equivalencial entre las demandas insatisfechas.
Esto es relevante por diferentes razones: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, , 14 1 , la que cualquier protesta se amplifica. Carteles de convocatoria de la protesta primigenia del M en Madrid. Por decirlo en forma simple: Pancarta en las movilizaciones del M en Zaragoza. Es crucial detenerse en los nombres que reciben ambos polos, por su poder performativo y capacidad de re ordenar las lealtades sociales.
- Anti-austerity movement in Spain - Wikipedia.
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Viva la lucha del Pueblo. Preguntas 12 y 12a. En, Les veus de les places. En, Place and Politics in Modern Italy.blacksmithsurgical.com/t3-assets/realistic/
Destino Republicano – Republican Fate | a
University of Chicago Press, pp. Las voces comprometidas del M. Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. The Antinomies of Antonio Gramsci. Della Porta, Donatella y Mario Diani. Populism and Reformism in Latin America. Oxford University Press, pp.